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Malaria, which is an infection caused by a parasite transmitted to man by mosquitoes, kills more than 1 million people every year. The disease is one of the most deadly on the planet, and threatens one third of humanity, essentially populations in tropical regions. Malaria is a major obstacle to development, and is a very real challenge for research.
Whether for health, agriculture or transport, water is the essence of our daily existence. And yet as the 21st Century gets underway, our planet is facing a major water crisis. The tiny proportion of fresh water on the earth is unevenly distributed, badly managed and inadequately protected. Indeed, fresh water is in short supply in many developing countries.
This exhibition of 23 photographs aims to illustrate the research projects being carried out around the world. Scientists from all fields are working to try to understand the causes and effects of declining fresh water resources in a bid to better protect existing resources and distribute them more evenly.
A new disease is affecting developing countries, deadlier than malaria, AIDS and tuberculosis combined. With changes in lifestyles, cancer is spreading in southern countries. Today, more than 70 % of the 7.5 million deaths in the world occur in countries with low or middle income. Faced with this alarming fact, IRD scientists and their partners are trying to specify the decisive factors in the illness. They are studying how natural selection has enabled animals to be more or less resistant to the development of certain malignant cells.