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Malaria, which is an infection caused by a parasite transmitted to man by mosquitoes, kills more than 1 million people every year. The disease is one of the most deadly on the planet, and threatens one third of humanity, essentially populations in tropical regions. Malaria is a major obstacle to development, and is a very real challenge for research.
Whether for health, agriculture or transport, water is the essence of our daily existence. And yet as the 21st Century gets underway, our planet is facing a major water crisis. The tiny proportion of fresh water on the earth is unevenly distributed, badly managed and inadequately protected. Indeed, fresh water is in short supply in many developing countries.
This exhibition of 23 photographs aims to illustrate the research projects being carried out around the world. Scientists from all fields are working to try to understand the causes and effects of declining fresh water resources in a bid to better protect existing resources and distribute them more evenly.
IRD researchers and their partners at the French Regional Health Agency, Indian Ocean, have identified a new mosquito species in Mayotte, which could be a vector of dengue fever and chikungunya hitherto unknown. Stegomyia pia , as the scientists have named it, in fact belongs to a group of species that transmit these viruses. The notorious tiger mosquito is one of them. The discovery of this new Mahoran mosquito species, a potential vector, enables researchers to find out more about the mosquitoes that have to be dealt with, and will contribute to the effectiveness of prevention programmes for these diseases.