Chairperson and CEO, Valérie Verdier
Valérie Verdier is a physiopathologist and has a PhD in Plant Sciences from Université de Paris-Sud (1988), and is accredited to conduct research (HDR). She studies interactions between plant pathogenic bacteria and tropical plants, where understanding these interactions is crucial for food safety. Co-author of over 100 scientific publications, she has earned international recognition for her fundamental contributions to understanding the bacteria mechanisms that cause disease, particularly in cassava and rice, and the approaches to control them. Prior to this appointment, Valérie Verdier was Director of the Joint Research Unit on Plant-Microorganism-Environment Interactions (IPME) and was responsible for one of IRD’s five scientific departments: Ecology, Biodiversity and Continental Ecosystem Operations (ECOBIO).
Deputy Executive Director, Corinne Brunon-Meunier
A graduate of the Paris Institute for Political Studies, Corinne Brunon-Meunier also has a Masters in Law and an in-depth diploma in public and private international relations law. She joined the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs in 1979. She has since held the position of secretary and then advisor to ambassadors in Abidjan, Rome, Brussels, Nairobi and Ottawa, until she became French Ambassador to Croatia from 2016 to 2019. Throughout her career, Corinne Brunon-Meunier has held responsibilities in security, cooperation, sustainable development and foreign affairs.
Deputy Director of Science, Philippe Charvis
A research Director and geophysicist, Philippe Charvis has worked on seismic risks in Ecuador, Algeria and the Lesser Antilles arc, and magmatism in hot spots. He was Director of the Géoazur Joint Research Unit, Vice-President of the scientific council of Ovservatoire de la Côte d’Azur in Nice and President of the "Earth and telluric planets" section of the national committee for scientific research. In October 2015, he was appointed Director of IRD’s scientific department for internal dynamics and continent surface (DISCO) which focuses on climate change, water resources, natural hazards and risks, and mineral resources and their impact on the environment.
His task is to participate in the development of the Institute’s scientific strategy, to ensure overall coordination, and to support the Chairperson and CEO in the coordination of the science division, which is central to IRD.
General Secretary, Isabelle Benoist
Isabelle Benoist is a research engineer with a graduate degree in law and began her career at INRA. She was in charge of a pole of the legal affairs department at CNRS before joining IRD in 2011 as Deputy Director General for Resources, then Deputy Secretary General. She has held the position of Secretary General since 2016.
Deputy: Cécile Damecour
Deputy associate director of Science, Olivier Dangles
Research director, ecologist, Olivier Dangles started his career as a lecturer at the Institute of Research on Insect Biology of the University of Tours. In 2006, he was posted to Quito, Ecuador, where he developed research on the spatiotemporal dynamics of invasive insect pests, in partnership with the Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador.
From 2012 to 2014, he will be an associate researcher at the Universidad Mayor San Andres of Bolivia.
He is interested in the functional ecology of plant and animal communities in natural and cultivated ecosystems affected by global change, and his work has led to the creation of an international research network (covering Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia) for innovation in the control of crop pests.
From 2012 to 2016, Olivier is elected member of the IRD Scientific Council.
From 2014 to 2017, he is the representative in Ecuador, before a stay (2017-2018) at Cornell University in Ithaca, USA.
Since August 2018, he is based at the Centre d'écologie fonctionnelle et évolutive (CEFE) at the University of Montpellier where he co-directs a joint international BioInca laboratory between Ecuador, Colombia and France.
Between 2018 and 2020, he is appointed deputy director and then interim director of the Ecobio department.
Since last June, he has been appointed Deputy Science Director in charge of Sustainability Science.
Olivier Dangles is the author of numerous scientific publications on biodiversity and the functioning of natural and cultivated ecosystems, as well as popular works such as Natura Maxima or Une autre Terre.
Overseas Scientific Advisor, Frédéric Ménard
Frédéric Ménard is an IRD research director at the Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography in Marseille (UMR MIO). He conducts research on the functioning of tropical marine ecosystems in the context of global change: food webs, fisheries and biodiversity; large pelagic predatory fish and vulnerability of coastal ecosystems.
He is a member of several scientific councils and committees.
Frédéric Ménard was Director of the OCEANS Department of IRD from 2015 to 2020.
As a scientific advisor to the governance, he contributes to the Institute's scientific strategy on overseas territories, in particular in relation to the Government's Overseas Trajectory 5.0.
The Science Division is led by the Deputy Director of Science. The different services in the division apply and support the Institute’s scientific policy.
Continent Internal and Surface Dynamics (DISCO)
The DISCO department includes the Institute’s research teams studying continental environments, in terms of their physical and biogeochemical functioning, their change over time, and their interaction with human societies in the South against a backdrop of global change.
Interim director: Céline Mari
Deputy director : Céline Duwig
Ecology, Biodiversity and Functioning of Continental Ecosystems (ECOBIO)
The ECOBIO department brings IRD scientific community together to focus on ecology, evolution, dynamics and continental ecosystem functions at several levels.
Interim director : Emma Rochelle-Newall
Interim deputy director : Jean-Christophe Avarre
Oceans, Climate and Resources (OCEANS)
Using an integrated approach, the OCEANS department collects knowledge and observations regarding ocean development research, particularly processes affecting the intertropical zone, in partnership with communities from the South.
Director: Olivier Pringault
Deputy Director: Marina Lévy
Health and Society (SAS)
The overall objective of the Health and Society department is to contribute to improving the health of Southern populations. The department’s work combines two complementary aspects of research: improving knowledge and conducting research projects/operational research and activities with a direct impact for the population; and supporting programmes for improvement.
Director: Yves-Martin Prével
Deputy Director: Florence Migot-Nabias
Societies and Globalisation (SOC)
One of the main objectives of research conducted by the Societies and Globalisation department is to further our understanding of contemporary societies in intertropical and Mediterranean countries, focusing on the dynamics, changes, adaptations and resistance that characterise and drive them.
Interim director : Estienne Rodary
Deputy director : Mina Kleiche-Dray
Mission for Digital Infrastructures and Data
Part of the Institute’s science division, the mission for Digital Infrastructure and Data contributes to the themes in the strategic plan 2016-2030 POS and priorities as defined by the 2016-2020 objectives and performance contract 2016-2020 COPthrough the following objectives:
- Develop a policy for the Institute, to be shared with partners in the South, for managing research data in accordance with the principles of open data and the open science movement and to cater for data exchange with national and international bodies.
- Identify unmet (additional) needs and develop a strategy of support and assistance for research units and their partners tailored to the departments in the science division.
- Network, facilitate and strengthen the capacity of research personnel whose missions or research projects are based on digital technology or methodology such as managing, distributing, processing and preserving data.
- Contribute at national and international level to the visibility and affirmation of IRD missions by participating in various committees and working groups established for the development of data centres, observatories or observatory systems and national, European and international research infrastructures (IR, TGIR).
- Develop interaction and synergy with equivalent structures in other research bodies and universities to exchange experience and skillsets and pool digital resources.
Director: Jean-Christophe Desconnets
Deputy Director: François Sabot
Mission for Research Evaluation and Programming (MEPR)
The Mission for Research Evaluation and Programming is responsible for all scientific evaluation processes within IRD, regardless of the institutional or partnership framework of the evaluation. Statutory evaluation processes involve many stakeholders, including members of the Institute’s bodies: the five sectoral scientific commissions (CSS), the research and applications management commission (CGRA) and the scientific committee.
The other objective of the mission is to assess the impact on development of the research support programmes implemented by the Institute. The mission provides management and officers in charge of programmes with tools (1) to characterise expected impacts in advance; (2) for monitoring; and (3) to collect feedback for improving future programmes.
Interim Director: Eric Martin
Scientific and Technological Culture Mission (MCST)
In accordance with its strategic orientation plan (2016/2030), IRD is under a duty to strengthen social, economic and cultural values of research for development. To meet this objective, the Scientific and Technological Culture Mission deploys a policy for the diffusion of scientific information and knowledge sharing in society both in France and in partner countries in the South.
Director: Marie-Lise Sabrié
The objective of the Expertise Mission is to promote the quality and diversity of expertise at IRD. The mission coordinates development with the departments and services in the Science, Development and Support divisions.
Director: Jean Albergel
Development, Global Issues and Partnerships Unit
The Development, Global Issues and Partnerships Unit is led by the Deputy Executive Director.
International and European Relations Department
As part of its 2016-2020 Objective and Performance Contract, IRD is aiming to become a scientific benchmark for its national, European and international partners. To that end, the Institute has a department dedicated to developing its network of representatives, and to international and European affairs.
Director: Ludovic Cocogne
Department for the Mobilisation of Research and Innovation for Development
The goal of the Department for the Mobilisation of Research and Innovation for Development is to improve the impact of research in Southern countries by strengthening the social contribution of research; promoting the continuum of education, research and innovation; supporting researchers in their development projects; and by developing programmes involving multiple prominent members of civil society and the economy.
Director: Mireille Guyader
Deputy Director: Christophe Cypcura
Valorisation Sud thematic promotion consortium
Created by the French government in the thematic promotion consortium category of the Investments for the Future programme, the Valorisation Sud CVT is a national consortium created to transfer technology to countries in the South. The consortium uses various means to promote and market the technology offers that fall within its remit. It undertakes extensive commercial prospection in the market, targeting large groups, SMEs, start-ups, social enterprises, cooperatives and individual entrepreneurs, until transfer contracts are signed.
Acting Director: Mireille Guyader
Support for Research and International Scientific Standing Unit
The hub for Support for Research and International Scientific Standing is led by the Secretary General. The structures making up this hub support the Institute’s strategy and missions, and oversee regional delegations.
Human Resources Department (HRD)
The responsibility of the Human Resources department is to propose, develop and implement IRD's employment and social policies and to ensure skill development amongst employees.
Director: Sabine Desclides
Deputy Director: Nathalie Parisotto
Finance Department (FD)
The Finance department contributes to the definition of the Institute’s financial policy and ensures that it is applied.
Interim director: Cécile Damecour
Deputy Directors: Vincent Bousquet
Legal Affairs Department (LAD)
The Legal Affairs department provides the Institute with advice, expertise and legal monitoring , and defends the Institute’s interests in legal proceedings.
Director: Pierre Bos
Department for the Development of Innovative Digital Use (DDUNI)
The Department for the Development of Innovative Digital Use is responsible for the development and application of IRD's digital strategy, working closely with the business divisions. The department coordinates the digital master plan and the associated projects. It is also responsible for ensuring the Institute’s IT system functions correctly. It provides and promotes IRD digital services to both internal and external users. Finally, the department works with IRD partners such as institutional partners in the South and North and with sponsors to develop digital tools in countries in the South.
Director: Michel Labadie
Communication and Information Sharing Department (DCPI)
The objective of the Communication and Information Sharing Department is to ensure IRD’s activity is clearly understood, to facilitate the exchange and creation of internal and external communities, and to develop the Institute’s reputation and recognition.
Director: Anne-Claire Jucobin
Deputy Director: Isabelle Bonal
Quality, Health, Safety and Environment Department
The Quality, Health, Safety and Environment Department defines and controls the Institute’s QHSE policy. It designs and implements actions to promote the health and safety of employees, quality in research units and the protection of the environment. The department works with and coordinates the network of actors concerned within the Institute.
Manager: Caroline Play
Science Support Department (MApS)
The objective of the Science Support Department is to ensure conditions conducive to coordinated decision-making and monitoring of research resources: (financial and human resources for units and research partnerships). The department works closely with the departments (DISCO, ECOBIO, OCEANS, SAS, SOC) and missions (MP2I, MIDN), as well as with the management of the Support Hub. The team has complementary competences to help departments make decisions, apply their scientific policy, communicate with and coordinate their group of unit directors, and adjudicate how to allocate human and financial resources. The department is in direct contact with the head office, thus ensuring smooth interaction between the Institute’s three divisions on all matters related to department life.
Director: Franck Carenzi
Support for Change Mission (MAC)
The Support for Change Mission assists the components of IRD departments in their development: processes, governance, tools and human impact. This includes a range of projects: new strategic orientation, reorganisation, deconcentration, the development of representative and administrative networks, and the modernisation and innovation of support services.
Representation around the world
IRD relies on its network of representatives abroad to organise its work, with international and European organisations in Brussels and Rome, and above all, in the intertropical and Mediterranean regions:
- Nine representatives in West and Central Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Mali, Niger and Senegal.
- Five representatives in Eastern and Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean region: South Africa, Ethiopia, Kenya, Reunion, Madagascar and the Seychelles .
- Ten representatives inLatin America and the Caribbean: Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Martinique, Mexico and Peru.
- Five representatives in Asia: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam.
- Three [sic] representatives in the Mediterranean region: Algeria, Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco and Tunisia.
- Two representatives in the Pacific region: New Caledonia and French Polynesia.
Each delegation provides a range of services that pools and provides resources to support the research done by the units and bodies within their remit.
Regional delegate: Florence Morineau
Deputy regional delegate: Anne Heurtaux
Regional delegate : Bruno Bordage
Deputy regional delegate : Perrine Guillon
Regional delegate Christophe Chambon
Deputy regional delegate: Marine Sabounji
Regional delegate: Christelle Guenneguez
Bodies reporting to the Chairperson
General Advisory and Audit Unit
The General Advisory and Audit Unit audits, monitors and provides advice in order to improve the Institute’s level of functioning and performance.
Principle Accounting Department
The Principle Accounting Department is responsible for settling, recording and paying expenses and recording and collecting revenue, after carrying out the checks stipulate in public accounting regulations.
Senior Accountant: Philippe Pedro
Deputy: Muriel Sassi
Defence and Security Officer (DSO)
IRD Defence and Security Officer protects the fundamental interests of the nation within the scope of the Institute’s activities. They are responsible for protecting the scientific and technical heritage of IRD, namely the knowledge and results of scientific research, as well as sensitive technology. This heritage is considered to be the exclusive property of the national community. The fundamental interests of the nation must be taken into account when transferring this heritage internationally.
General Secretary: Isabelle Benoist
Bodies and committees
Board of Directors
The Board of Directors deliberates on:
- the strategic orientations, general research programmes and general measures for the organisation and operation of the Institute
- The budget and any adjustments to it, and the financial accounts
- The annual activity report
- Acquisitions, disposals, exchanges, rental contracts, leases, construction and major building repairs
- Contracts and bids
- Royalties and remuneration of any kind received by the Institute
- Donations and bequests
- The creation of subsidiaries, acquisitions, disposals or extensions of financial participation
- Participation in organisations with legal personality
- The Institute's policy for social action
- Legal action, transactions and recourse to mediation.
Board of Directors also decides on matters referred by the Chairperson, the Minister for Research and the Minister for Cooperation and Development.
The Board can delegate power for sections 5, 6, 7, 10 and 12 to the CEO. The CEO reports any decisions made under delegation to the Board at the next meeting.
The Scientific Council is the Institute’s forum for reflection and proposals regarding scientific policy.
The Council advises on the broad guidelines of the Institute’s scientific policy, activities for promotion, information and education, and on the common principles for evaluating research units and staff.
It is consulted about the establishment, modification or closure of the Institute’s scientific departments, research units and support services and the appointment of Directors.
The Scientific Council is composed of 30 members. Half of the members are from outside the Institute and are appointed by ministers responsible for overseeing the Institute. The other half are elected by IRD staff and staff associated with the Institute’s activities. The Council must include foreign members. Council members have a four-year mandate.
The Chairperson calls a council meeting at least twice a year.
- BRAGARD Claude, Professor at the Catholic University of Louvain (Belgium)
- EMMANUEL Evens, Professor and Vice-Rector for Research and Innovation at Quisqueya University in Port-au-Prince (Haiti)
- GAILL Françoise, Emeritus Research Director and Scientific Advisor at the CNRS
- GONZALEZ ALMARIO Carolina, Head of Department at the AGROSAVIA Agricultural Research Corporation (Colombia)
- HANICH Lahoucine, professor at Cadi Ayyad University in Marrakech (Morocco)
- HARRY Myriam, professor at the University of Paris-Sud
- KOITA Ousmane, Professor at the University of Science, Techniques and Technology of Bamako (Mali)
- LACLAU Jean-Paul, Department Director at CIRAD
- LASZLO Yves, Director of Teaching and Research at the École et l'Institut polytechnique de Paris
- MAINGUY Gaëll, Director of Development and International Relations at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Paris
- NTOUMI Francine, teacher-researcher at the Marien Ngouabi University in Brazzaville (Republic of Congo)
- OLIVEROS Oliver, Coordinator at the Secretariat of the UN Summit on Food Systems in Nairobi (Kenya)
- PAILLARD Sandrine, Director of the Paris Hub-CNRS at Future Earth
- POINSSOT Christophe, Deputy Director General and Scientific Director of BRGM
- ULRICH Clara, Deputy Director of Science at IFREMER
- COHUET Anna, Research Director at IRD MIVEGEC research unit MoMA "Mosquito & Malaria" research team
Genetics, biology and host-parasite interactions
- DESGREES DU LOU Annabelle, Research Director at IRD research unit CEPED, "Health, gender and vulnerability in the South" axis
Demography, population health
- GUERIN Isabelle, Research Director at IRD, CESSMA research unit
- LAPLAZE Laurent, Research Director at IRD, DIADE research unit, CERES "Cereal Roots systems" team
Molecular biology, systems biology
- GERVET Carmen, professor at the University of Montpellier, director of the research unit ESPACE-DEV
Computer science, artificial intelligence, decision support
- GREGOIRE Michel, Director of Research at the CNRS, GET research unit
Geology, petrology/geochemistry of rocks
- CARRIERE-BUCHENSCHUTZ Stéphanie, research fellow at the IRD, research unit SENS
- CHEVRILLON GUIBERT Raphaëlle, research officer at the IRD, PRODIG research unit
Sociology, political science
- HERRMANN Julie, Research Fellow at IRD, LEGOS research unit
Oceanography, ocean dynamics in regional climate systems
- KABBANJI Lama, Research Fellow at IRD, CEPED research unit, "Migration, Power, Development" axis
- ALORY Gael, Assistant Physicist, CNAP, LEGOS research unit
- SA VILAS BOAS Marie Hélène, Lecturer at the University of the Côte d'Azur
- LEBOURGES-DHAUSSY Anne, research engineer at IRD, LEMAR research unit
- ROSSIGNOL SENGLAT Marie, study engineer at the IRD, research unit MIVEGEC
Biology of human disease vectors
- TALAMOND Pascale, study engineer at the IRD, research unit ISE-M
Chemistry of biology
Ethics Advisory Committee for Research in Partnership (CCERP)
The Institute’s Ethics Advisory Committee for Research in Partnership is responsible for:
- Ethical valuation of research protocols of IRD units or units with an IRD convention and ensure, if necessary, that protocols receive the institutional review board(IRB) label and comply with the Nagoya protocol;
- Develop ethical scientific reflection about research for development;
- Ensure links with a network of ethical correspondents for ethical scientific partnerships and ethical committees of the Southern countries wanting to engage in a reflexion process with IRD.
The CCERP has nine members:
Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Chairperson, Professor of Environmental Epidemiology at Sorbonne Université and Paris Descartes
Oumarou Malam Issa, Deputy Chairperson, Research Director at IRD and iEES Paris, Doctor of Universe Sciences
Virginie Maris, researcher in environmental philosophy at the CNRS, at the Centre for Functional and Evolutionary Ecology - Appolinaire Djikeng, Doctor of Philosophy, Director of the Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics and Health at the University of Edinburgh - Bruno Hamelin, geochemist specialised in the use of radioactive isotopes and dating methods and professor at Université d’Aix-Marseille, researcher at CEREGE - Marie-Geneviève Pinsart, professor of philosophy and ethics at Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - Houria Tazi-Sadeq, Doctor of Law, professor and lawyer, UNESCO Interdisciplinary Chairholder for Sustainable Management in Casablanca - Vũ Đình Thành, Doctor and Professor at Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology in Vietnam - Carel IJsselmuiden, Executive Director of the Council on Health Research for Development (COHRED) in Geneva, doctor, epidemiologist, public health practitioner and social entrepreneur.
Strategic Guidance Board of IRD (COS)
The Strategic Guidance Board of IRD has now been established. Created byDecree No. 2014-1441 of 3 December 2014 as part of the modifications to the Institute’s articles of association, the Board organises consultation between the Institute and its partners in the regions in which it operates.
- Mame-Penda Ba, Associate Professor in Political Science at the University Gaston Berger of Saint-Louis (Senegal). Prof. BA was Special Advisor to the Rector and Deputy Director of the UFR Law and Political Science. She directs the Research Laboratory on Societies and Powers Africa / Diaspora (LASPAD / www.laspad.org) and is the Executive Secretary of the African Studies Association for Africa (ASAA, http://as-aa.org/). She is a member of several international research networks and her work covers the sociology of religion, the analysis of public action (Education, Health, Gender, Decentralisation, Security) as well as the recomposition of the state in Africa.
- Fenton Beed obtained his PhD in Plant Pathology from University College London, funded by the European Union, and which included field trials at INRA, France. Between 1994 and 2000 he worked as senior researcher at the University of Nottingham, while simultaneously serving as an expert consultant to ADAS (U.K. government extension) on projects funded by industry and the Ministry of Agriculture, UK. Between 2000 to 2014 Fen worked across Sub Saharan Africa for IITA (CGIAR Center) as Senior Plant Pathologist, based in Benin, Uganda and then Tanzania. He also served on IITA’s Research for Development Council to contribute to strategic plans and investment decisions and to collaborate with The Board of Trustees and key donors. From 2014 to 2017, Fen worked as the Regional Director for East and Southeast Asia and Oceania for the World Vegetable Center, based in Thailand. He joined FAO in January 2018 as team leader for Rural and Urban Crop and Mechanisation Systems which focuses on sustainable crop production and is housed in the Division of Plant Production and Protection.
- Gilles Bœuf is scientific advisor for Life and Nature, Climate, and Ocean Sciences to the cabinet of the Ministry for Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy. He is a professor at Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) and a specialist in environmental physiology and biodiversity, and was Chairperson of the National Museum of Natural History (MNHM) in Paris from 2009 to 2015. He previously worked for twenty years at IFREMER. He then became Director of the Oceanological Observatory in Banyuls for six years, and then spent four years as director of the cell biology and evolutionary models unit (CNRS-UPMC).
- Yvonne Bonzi-Coulibaly has a PhD in organic chemistry from Université de Strasbourg in France, awarded in 1987. She is currently professor of Chemistry at Ouaga I Pr Université Joseph Ki-Zerbo and heads the Laboratory for Analytical, Environmental and Bio-Organic Chemistry. She was Director of the Centre for Environmental Studies (2004-2007) and Director of Research (2008-2013) at Ouaga I Pr Université Joseph Ki-Zerbo She was awarded the 2013 African Union Kwamé N'krumah prize for women scientists for her successes in fundamental research, technology and innovation. She is member of the Burkina Faso National Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters.
- Elisabeth Claverie de Saint Martin CIRAD's Deputy Director General for Research and Strategy since 2018, she is a specialist in development issues. In particular, she has been posted in Washington, D.C., at the French office at the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, and was Deputy Director of Sustainable Development at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Paris. She has also developed expertise on European affairs in Brussels, Paris and Madrid, where she worked at the Spanish General Secretariat for European Affairs. She is a former student of the École Normale Supérieure de Saclay (economics) and the Ecole Nationale d'Administration (ENA). She is also a graduate of Science Po Paris, with degrees in economics and social sciences.
- Etienne Duveiller is Director of Research for Development at AfricaRice. He began his career in Bolivia and Burundi, and gained extensive international research experience in wheat and rice plant pathology. An agronomist at the Catholic University of Louvain (UCL), he graduated from the Institute of Developing Countries (1981) and obtained his PhD at UCL (1992). Before joining AfricaRice as DDG/DR4D (2016), he worked at CIMMYT (1987-2016) in Mexico City, Nepal and India. Deputy Director of the Wheat Programme (2009), he becomes Research Director for South Asia in 2012.
- Erica Key Executive Director of the Belmont Forum (USA)
- Gilles Kleitz (PhD) has been working for 30 years on the links between biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. He has led biodiversity projects and policies in several foreign countries and in France, for the administration, for non-governmental organisations, and at the French Development Agency. He has been advisor to several ministers in France in the environment sector and for development aid. He has participated in many international negotiations. He was director of the national park in French Guiana. He is a General Engineer of Bridges, Water and Forests, Doctor of Political Science, Knight of the Legion of Honour. He is currently Director of Ecological and Natural Transition (Agriculture, Water, Biodiversity, Forests, Ocean) at the French Development Agency.
- Hervé Ladsous was appointed Under-Secretary-General for UN Peacekeeping Operations in September 2011. A French diplomat and graduate of the Ecole Nationale des Langues Orientales, Hervé Ladsous is a specialist in Asia. He has held several positions in the French Ministry for Foreign Affairs, which he joined in 1971. He was French Ambassador to Indonesia in Jakarta from 2001 to 2003 and in Beijing from 2006 to 2010. He has also held positions with the United Nations in Geneva and New York. He was then appointed Director of the cabinet of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs from 2010 to 2011.
- Fabiola Leon-Velarde, biologist with a DSc. in Science (Physiology) from the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH). Professor of the Department of Biological and Physiological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences of UPCH). Scientific production mainly in high altitude adaptation physiology with more than 170 titles. President of the National Council of Science and Technology of Peru (Concytec) from July 2017 to 2020. Rector of the UPCH from 2008 to June 2017, and Vice-Rector of Research from 2004 to 2008. Member of the Board of Directors of the Peruvian Centre for Strategic Planning (CEPLAN).
- Valérie Masson-Delmotte is a CEA research director at the Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (Université Paris Saclay) and co-chair of Working Group I of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on the physical bases of climate change (6th assessment cycle, 2015-2022).
- Yvonne Mburu is a scientist and founder of Nexakili, a network of African health professionals and scientists. D. in Immunology, her academic research at the Curie Institute and the University of Pittsburgh focused on cancer immunotherapy. Today, her work also covers health systems and policies, with a key interest in the integration of advanced technologies to accelerate the availability of innovative medicine, particularly in Africa. Since 2017, she has been a member of the Presidential Council for Africa created by French President Emmanuel Macron to inform his policy towards Africa. She is frequently consulted on health in Africa by government authorities, thinktanks or international organisations. In addition, she is a laureate of the Next Einstein Forum, the Tutu Fellowship, and is co-founder and Young Leader of the French-African Foundation.
- Ngô Bao Châu has been a Professor of Mathematics at the University of Chicago since 2010 and is one of the four winners of the 2010 Fields Medal. He was for almost ten years a CNRS researcher at the mathematics laboratory (LAGA) of the University of Paris-Nord. He was then a professor at the University of Paris-Sud and was seconded in 2007 to the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University. Since 2011, he is also Scientific Director of the Vietnam Institute for Advanced Study in Mathematics.
- Silvia Restrepo is Vice President Research at the University of the Andes in Bogota, and Professor of Plant Biology. She is Director of the Laboratory of Mycology and Plant Pathology at the University of the Andes and has worked for the last twenty years on plant pathologies and their control. She is a member of the Colombian Academy of Sciences and a Knight of the Order of Merit.
- Michel Spiro, Emeritus Research Director, President of IUPAP (International Union for Pure and Applied Physics), & Society, Chairman of the Board of the CERN Foundation. His first research in particle physics led him to participate in the discovery of the intermediate W and Z bosons (UA1 experiment). He then moved on to the study of particles coming from the cosmos by participating in the Gallex solar neutrino detection experiment and, as a spokesman, in the Dark Object Search experiment (E ros). He was chairman of the scientific committee for experiments at LEP (Cern's Large Electron-Positron Collider) from 1998 to 2001 before becoming in 2002 head of Dapnia, the Astrophysics, Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics and Associated Instrumentation department at CEA, then director of IN2P3 (National Institute for Nuclear and Particle Physics) at CNRS and French Scientific Delegate to the Cern Council from 2003 to the end of 2009. He is a Knight of the Legion of Honour and Officer of the Order of Merit and Doctor Honoris Causa of JINR Doubna.
- François Taddei is a polytechnicien, doctor in genetics and director of research at INSERM. He has received numerous scientific awards, notably in fundamental research and educational innovations. A recognised specialist in evolution, he is an advocate of interdisciplinary approaches in both research and education. He co-created the CRI in Paris to explore and promote new ways of learning, teaching and research. Knight of the Order of Academic Palms and of the Order of Arts and Letters, he is Doctor Honoris Causa of UC Louvain.
Scientific Sectoral Commissions (CSS)
Scientific Sectoral Commissions assess the Institute’s scientific staff and activities in their respective field of competence. They contribute to the scientific council’s thought process on the Institute’s scientific policy.
Members and activity
These five scientific advisory bodies are established per research field.
Each commission has 26 members. Half of the members are from outside the Institute and are appointed by ministers responsible for overseeing the Institute. The other half is elected by IRD staff and staff associated with the Institute’s activities. They have a mandate of four years.
The Chairperson of the Institute calls a commission meeting at least twice a year.
They are governed by internal procedures that define the general framework of their activities and establish the rules for declaring and managing conflicts of interest for each evaluation process.
- CSS1 – Physical and chemical sciences in the planetary environment
- CSS2 – Biological and medical sciences
- CSS3 – Ecological systems sciences
- CSS4 – Human and social sciences
- CSS5 – Data and modelling sciences
Commission for Management and Administration of Research (CGAR)
The Institute's research and application management commission is entitled the Commission for Management and Administration of Research (CGAR)
The commission is responsible for research administration and management.
It includes researchers involved in governance whose primary activity is administering research or leading projects.
It also includes professions and expertise exercised in the field of innovation, the promotion of research, scientific culture, partnership relations and geostrategy, as well as research support services (management, finance, heritage, legal affairs, human resources, communication, logistics) at head office and in the Institute’s offices in mainland France, overseas departments and territories and in Southern countries.
Members and activity
The commission has 26 members. Half of the members are from outside the Institute and are appointed by ministers responsible for overseeing the Institute. The other half is elected by IRD staff and staff associated with the Institute’s activities. They have a mandate of four years.
The Chairperson of the Institute calls a commission meeting at least twice a year.
They are governed by internal procedures that define the general framework of their activities and establish the rules for declaring and managing conflicts interest for each evaluation process.
The Commission for Research Management and Applications (“Commission de gestion et d’administration de la recherche” - CGAR) is composed as follows:
- Pascale Chabanet
- Dominique Dumet
- Jean-Marc Hougard, member of the Permanent Delegation of the Commission
- Jean-Pascal Torreton
- Sarah Ben Nefissa, member of the Permanent Delegation of the Commission
- Christophe Chevillon
- Karine Delaunay
- Patrick Blanchon, member of the Permanent Delegation of the Commission
- Houria Boussaid
- Jean-Claude Louisy-Gabriel
- Sacy Nadaradjane
- Périne Sanglier
- Benoît Soyer
- Armelle Barelli
- Karima Benchabane, member of the Permanent Delegation of the Commission
- Diane Braguer
- Hélène Calmes
- Florence Carre
- Nicolas de Menthière
- Marie-Line Gallene, Vice-Chairperson
- Emmanuel Girard-Reydet
- Marie-Josèphe Leroy-Zamia
- Mahaman Tidjani Alou, member of the Permanent Delegation of the Commission
- Sophie Rouziere
Renewal of IRD CSS and CGRA
From 15 November 2019 to 18 June 2020, IRD will be renewing its Scientific Sectoral Commissions (CSS) and Research and Applications Management Committee (CGRA). You can find more information on the renewal of the CSS and CGRA on the Elections page.
Le Comité Consultatif Ethique pour la Recherche en Partenariat
Le Comité Consultatif Ethique pour la Recherche en Partenariat (CCERP) est l’instance de réflexion éthique et d’examen éthique des projets de recherche à l’IRD.
Si la recherche pour le développement a la particularité d’être une recherche en coopération avec les pays du Sud, celle-ci doit se faire selon les principes de justice et d’équité. Le Comité consultatif éthique pour la recherche en partenariat (CCERP) a été créé par la délibération du Conseil d’administration du 29 juin 2018. Il succède au Comité consultatif de déontologie et d’éthique, crée par la décision du 15 avril 2013.
Le CCERP est une instance rattachée administrativement à l’IRD mais qui reste néanmoins indépendante quant à ses décisions et son fonctionnement.
Le CCERP développe une réflexion éthique sur la recherche pour le développement et le partenariat scientifique. Le cas échéant, cette réflexion peut être menée en lien avec les autres instances éthiques nationales et internationales, notamment avec le Comité consultatif commun d’éthique INRAE-Cirad-Ifremer-IRD. Les instances de la gouvernance de l’IRD ont la possibilité de saisir le CCERP sur une question éthique. Le Comité peut également s’autosaisir de toute question éthique qu’il juge pertinente.
Le CCERP a pour mission principale d’examiner d’un point de vue éthique les protocoles de recherche des unités labellisées IRD ou ayant conventionné avec l’IRD. Le CCERP se met à disposition de tout porteur de projet de recherche en sciences du vivant, sciences humaines et sociales ou sciences exactes. L’avis émis est consultatif.
L’Initiative d’équité en recherche
Le CCERP soutient la mise en œuvre de l’Initiative d’équité en recherche (Research Fairness Initiative, RFI) au sein de l’Institut. La mission première de l’IRD et de son réseau à l’étranger et dans les Outre-mer est de contribuer, par la recherche, à l’émergence, au renforcement et à l’autonomisation de communautés scientifiques et de systèmes d’enseignement supérieur et de recherche dans les pays partenaires. La RFI, vivement soutenue par le CCERP, apparait ainsi comme une sauvegarde supplémentaire pour garantir l’équité des partenariats.
Composition du CCERP
Le comité est composé de neuf membres, nommés par le Président directeur (PDG), sur proposition pour trois tiers respectifs du Président du Conseil Scientifique, du Président du Conseil d’orientation stratégique et du PDG de l’IRD. L’IRD veille à un équilibre femmes/hommes et Nord/Sud parmi les membres du Comité. Le CCERP est composé de membres dont les champs thématiques et les compétences disciplinaires sont complémentaires et requis pour évaluer éthiquement les projets de recherche relevant de l’IRD. Cette composition reflète un pluralisme dans les représentations culturelles et conceptions éthiques.
- Isabella ANNESI-MAESANO Présidente du CCERP. Professeure d’épidémiologie environnementale à la Sorbonne et Paris Descartes. Directrice de recherche INSERM Epidémiologie des maladies allergiques et respiratoires (EPAR).
- Oumarou MALAM-ISSA Vice-président du CCERP. Docteur en Sciences de l’Univers. Directeur de recherche à l’IRD au sein de l’Institut d’écologie et des sciences de l’environnement (IEES) Paris.
- Marie-Geneviève PINSART Philosophe, professeure à l’Université Libre de Bruxelles - Pôle de recherche en éthique appliquée. Membre du Comité consultatif commun d’éthique INRAE-Cirad-Ifremer-IRD.
- Carel IJSSELMUIDEN Médecin, épidémiologiste, praticien de santé publique et entrepreneur social. Directeur général du Council on Health Research for Development (COHRED), Genève.
- Virginie MARIS Chercheuse en philosophie de l’environnement au CNRS, au sein du Centre d’écologie fonctionnelle et évolutive.
- Appolinaire DJIKENG Docteur en philosophie. Directeur au Center for Tropical Livestock Genetics and Health, Edimbourg
- Houria TAZI-SADEQ Docteure en droit, professeure et avocate. Titulaire de la chaire UNESCO interdisciplinaire pour une gestion durable, Casablanca.
- Bruno HAMELIN Géochimiste, chercheur au CEREGE. Professeur à l’université Aix-Marseille Université.
Demande d’examen éthique d’un projet de recherche
Le porteur d’un projet de recherche peut saisir le CCERP dans le cas d’une demande d’examen éthique du projet. La saisine doit être effectuée préalablement à la mise en œuvre du projet de recherche.
Le dossier du projet de recherche doit être soumis complet à la Mission d’évaluation et Programmation de la Recherche (MEPR) de l’IRD, conformément à la grille de recevabilité des dossiers de soumission au CCERP. Il est adressé au plus tard 30 jours avant la date de la réunion à laquelle il est souhaité que le projet soit examiné.
Coordinatrice du CCERP : Chloé DESMOTS
Le Comité consultatif commun d’éthique INRAE-Cirad-Ifremer-IRD
Le Comité consultatif commun d’éthique Inra-Cirad a été créé en 2007 et étendu à l’Ifremer en 2016 puis à l’IRD en 2019. Ce comité a une mission de réflexion, de conseil, de sensibilisation et, au besoin, d’alerte.
Le rapprochement des quatre organismes au sein d’un même Comité s’explique par le partage de nombreux enjeux de la politique scientifique, ainsi qu’en témoigne notamment leur participation commune à l’alliance AllEnvi (Alliance nationale de recherche pour l’environnement). Ce comité examine les questions éthiques que peuvent soulever l’activité et le processus de recherches, en France et à l’étranger, dans les domaines de l’alimentation, l’agriculture, la mer, l’environnement et le développement durable, en particulier, celles qui intéressent les relations entre sciences et société. Ainsi, un tel rapprochement permet de mutualiser les questions éthiques transversales et d’élaborer une vision partagée des enjeux à la fois mondiaux et nationaux.
La réflexion du Comité consultatif commun d’éthique est complémentaire de celle apportée par le CCERP, dont la mission principale est l’examen éthique des projets de recherche.
Composition du Comité consultatif commun d’éthique INRAE-Cirad-Ifremer-IRD
Le Comité comprend 14 membres, nommés par décision conjointe des Présidents.es des quatre organismes.
- Axel KAHN Président du Comité d’éthique. Docteur en médecine et Docteur ès sciences, Directeur de recherche à l’Inserm.
- Michel BADRÉ Vice-président du Comité d’éthique. Ingénieur École Polytechnique - École Nationale du Génie Rural, des Eaux et des Forêts. Membre du Conseil économique, social et environnemental, au titre du groupe des associations environnementales.
- Madeleine AKRICH Directrice de recherche à l’École des Mines de Paris (Centre de sociologie de l’innovation), ingénieure de l’École des Mines de Paris et docteure en socio-économie de l’innovation.
- Bernadette BENSAUDE-VINCENT Professeure émérite à l’Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, agrégée de philosophie et docteure ès Lettres et Sciences Humaines.
- Jean-Louis BRESSON Médecin nutritionniste, professeur des universités, fondateur du Centre d’investigation clinique Necker-Cochin.
- Céline BOUDET, Ineris, coordinatrice scientifique, spécialiste de l’analyse des risques dans le domaine santé & environnement (épidémiologie, toxicologie, bio-statistiques, …).
- Mireille DOSSO, Directrice de l’Institut Pasteur de Côte d’Ivoire, professeure de Microbiologie.
- Françoise GAILL Directrice de recherche CNRS, chargée de mission auprès de la direction générale du CNRS – a dirigé l’Institut « Écologie et environnement » (INEE). Biologiste, spécialiste des écosystèmes profonds océaniques.
- Stéphanie LACOUR, Directrice de recherche CNRS, Docteure en droit privé. Directrice adjointe de l’Institut des Sciences Sociales du Politique - ENS Paris-Saclay. Directrice du GDR « Normes, Sciences et Techniques » du CNRS.
- Lyne LÉTOURNEAU Professeure au sein du Département des sciences animales à l’Université Laval de Québec. Titulaire d’un doctorat en droit, elle enseigne sur les enjeux éthiques de l’agroalimentaire contemporain et sur l’intégrité en recherche.
- Marie-Geneviève PINSART Philosophe, professeure à l’Université Libre de Bruxelles - Pôle de recherche en éthique appliquée. Membre du Comité consultatif d’éthique pour la recherche en partenariat (CCERP) de l’IRD.
- Pere PUIGDOMENECH Professeur de recherche au CSIC (Conseil supérieur de la recherche scientifique en Espagne) au sein de l’Institut de Biologie Moléculaire de Barcelone, spécialisé en biologie moléculaire des plantes, docteur en sciences biologiques.
- Michel SAUQUET Diplômé de l’Institut d’études politiques de Paris, docteur en Économie appliquée. Enseignant spécialisé dans les questions interculturelles.
- Hervé THÉRY Géographe, professeur associé à l’Université de Sao Paulo (Brésil), directeur de recherche émérite au CNRS.
Secrétariat commun du comité d’éthique INRAE-Cirad-Ifremer-IRD
Le secrétariat du comité est assuré conjointement par les 4 organismes, le support administratif étant assuré par l’INRAE.
- INRAE : Christine CHARLOT, secrétaire générale, avec l’appui de Nathalie HERMET
- CIRAD : Philippe FELDMANN, Marie DE LATTRE-GASQUET
- IFREMER : Philippe GOULLETQUER
- IRD : Chloé DESMOTS