May 2017 - April 2021

South Africa, Zimbabwe


Malaria has declined significantly in South Africa but persists in the provinces bordering Zimbabwe and Mozambique. It benefits from an environment conducive to its maintenance and regular reintroductions linked to socio-economic factors. Knowledge of favorable environmental conditions and their seasonal dynamics remains limited but is a challenge to better control the occurrence of epidemics.


Specific objectives

  • To better understand land use, environmental and climatic changes as contributors to the persistence of residual malaria.
  • To identify social, economical and behavioural patterns (e.g. KAP analysis) that determine vulnerability to malaria, on both sides of the border between South Africa and Zimbabwe.
  • To better understand parasitological (including haplotype variations) and biological characteristics as contributors to asymptomatic carriage, and gametocyte carriage.
  • To better understand vector dynamics

Field study in August 2019


South Africa


Funding for environmental study

Sentinel-2 Malaria (Sentinel-2 for Malaria Surveillance), 05/2017-04/2019, funded by CNES. Objective: Acquire information from the Sentinel-2 satellites in order to guide malaria surveillance in South Africa and Madagascar