Updated 24/08/20

Young team associated with IRD (JEAI)

February 2017 - December 2019


Project description

Anemia affects a quarter of the world's population, but its etiology according to different contexts remains poorly understood. In Ethiopia, 56% of children under 5 and 23% of women are anemic (EDHS, 2016). In addition to anemia due to repeated infections, Inadequate intakes of iron, vitamin A, vitamin B12 and folate can all contribute to nutritional anemia. A better understanding of the etiology of anemia is required to develop more effective prevention strategies. In light of the potential side effects that some micronutrient interventions may have (i.e. iron supplementation in malaria endemic areas), alternative solutions using food-based approaches may also be needed.

In this context, a new research team (AnemiNut) combining different skills in nutrition, food consumption and microbial ecology was launched at the Center for Food Science and Nutrition at the University of Addis Ababa. It aims at better understanding the etiology of anemia in the Oromo region, in order to design sustainable dietary strategies for controlling micronutrient deficiencies in anemia.

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© IRD - Claire Mouquet-Rivier

Preparation of the injera, Ethiopia.

Main activities

  • Food consumption survey of 200 women of child-bearing age (19-45 years) in the Oromo region
  • Identification of the most consumed dishes (frequency and quantities) and sampling for analysis of iron, vitamin B12 and folates
  • Blood samples collection from a sample of anemic women to identify the biological parameters related to anemia
  • Manufacture and acceptability test of injera obtained by fermentation with bacterial strains selected for their capacity of synthesis of folates and Vitamin B12 in collaboration with the FolEA project



Kaleab BAYE (Center for Food Science and Nutrition, Addis Ababa University Ethiopie)

Correspondent: Claire Mouquet-Rivier (UMR Nutripass, IRD) in collaboration with Christèle Humblot, UMR Nutripass posted in UAA.


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