Updated 17/08/20


Botswana, Mozambique, Zimbabwe


© Cirad

Supporting the long-term sustainable management of TransFrontier Conservation Areas in Southern Africa (Botswana, Mozambique and Zimbabwe) through a multi-stakeholder participatory process.


© ProSuLi

Context - TFCAs are socio-ecological systems

TFCAs are composed of complex socio-ecological systems. ProSuLi recognises fundamentally that TFCAs encompass a set of stakeholders (e.g. local communities, NGOs, local government, private sector, researchers) accessing unequally a resource system (i.e. African savannah’s natural resources) including various resource units (e.g. water, grazing, wildlife, wood) within a complex governance system (e.g. chieftainship, national government, international wildlife regulation). The success of TFCAs is necessarily rooted in positive stakeholders’ interactions  (local communities, NGOs, local & national governments, research institutions, technical institutions, private sector), recognising the legitimacy and importance of their respective positions, needs and constraints and the need for negotiations in order to achieve a shared common vision of a sustainable TFCAs.

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© IRD - Eve Miguel

Rangers of the Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe.


The ProSuLi project aims at promoting and strengthening the sustainable management of TFCAs through local development respectful of biodiversity conservation, by promoting a change in attitude from local communities towards TFCAs and a paradigm shift on their role in the co-management of TFCAs. The main objective of ProSuLi is to create or capacitate when already existing functional multi-stakeholder interaction processes in each site to sustainably manage TFCAs. Stakeholders’ interactions will be promoted through their enrolment in a participatory process to co-design, test and implement integrated local development and conservation management options. This means that once relevant stakeholders have been identified and are represented in a local multi-stakeholder group, a shared and accepted vision of the future of the socio-ecosystem can be discussed; priorities can be identified and management options and their monitoring can be co-designed and implemented. The activities will encompass sustainable agricultural and natural resource management activities and innovative strategies to mitigate human wildlife conflicts and illegal activities.



Scientific coordination

Dr. Alexandre Caron and Dr. Nicolas Gaidet, Cirad



European Union - FED/2017/394-443


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