Updated 22/04/22

March 2019 - August 2022

Brazil, Colombia, France, Senegal, South Africa, Spain, United States


© Cirad


By the end of the current century, changes in temperature and rainfall patterns, rising sea levels and the likely increase in extreme weather events will have a marked impact on agriculture. Agriculture actually contributes to climate change while also being affected by this phenomenon.

Agricultural adaptation to CC has thus become a major issue and a challenge in vulnerable agricultural regions in both the Global North and South.


© Typoclim


The Typoclim project wants to answer two main questions to overcome the lack of knowledge about the existing instruments of agriculture to adapt to climate change:

  • What existing policy instruments address agricultural adaptation to climate change, and how are they implemented?
  • What are the different performances of these policy instruments?

The project thus has two main objectives:

  • To develop an inventory and a typology of policy instruments designed to facilitate agricultural adaptation to climate change based on mapping of existing instruments
  • To assess the different performances of public policy instruments based on political, economic and agro-environmental assessment criteria.

This interdisciplinary research will study 8 sites, in Europe, Northern and Southern America (South Africa, Senegal, Brazil and Colombia, Catalonia-Spain, California-USA, Occitanie-France and Guadeloupe-France), and several agricultural sectors (viticulture, horticulture [mangos] and market gardening).

In South Africa, the adaptation instruments implemented in the vineyards of the Western Cape Province will be identified, classified, categorized and assessed by the G-Eau team based in Pretoria and Montpellier. They will conduct a fine analysis of the implementation of these instruments and their governance after having selected few of the most promising of them. The farmers’ preferences will be analysed through the “choice experiment” method, which consists in observing the choices between different scenarios involving environmental changes and economical costs.



Scientific coordination in South Africa: Damien Jourdain and Magalie Bourblanc (Cirad)



Montpellier University of Excellence (MUSE)