IRD researchers intervene in Vietnam either in the form of assignments (from 2 to 4 years) hosted by partners, often within joint laboratories, or in the form of long or short term missions within the framework of existing projects.
Staff on assignment
Alexis Drogoul, UMI UMMISCO
Alexis Drogoul (UMI UMMISCO, on assignment at Thuy Loi University) works on the design of Artificial Intelligence tools to assist in the modeling and simulation of complex systems, with a marked willingness to facilitation of interdisciplinary work and extraction of transversal concepts. Since 1991, he participates to the definition of some of the fundamental concepts of "agent-based modeling", while working on many thematic applications (in ethology, hydrology, geography, traffic…). In 1998, at the crossroads of computer science, experimental economics and participatory design, he works more specifically on participatory modeling and simulation approaches allowing to involve social actors in the design of models and particularly suitable to the management of conflicts for shared resources; they have been successfully applied in the field (in Bhutan, Vietnam, Thailand, Mexico). From 2005, he became the designer and one of the main architects of the modeling and simulation platform GAMA which aims to make available to non-computer specialists designing tools of spatially explicit models, multi-formalisms and multi-scales, and enable "smart" exploration (using simulation and optimization) of the area of their parameters. In the same time, thematic projects he is involved in for 10 years now, first in Hanoi and later in Can Tho and in Da Nang, are moving towards decision support in the policies of fight against environmental disasters (sea level rise and water salinization in the Mekong Delta, biological invasions, epidemiology of avian influenza, urban disasters).
Catherine Guigue, UMR MIO
Catherine Guigue, CNRS engineer at the Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography (MIO, Marseille), is affected to IRD in Vietnam from September 2022. She is on assignment at the University of Science and Technology of Hanoi (USTH), within the Water-Environment-Oceanography (WEO) department. Specialized in environmental chemical analysis on organic matter/contaminants in various matrices such as water, atmosphere, sediment, organisms, her work at USTH will focus on analytical method set up and field/laboratory student training. She will work in the framework of the structuring programs GDRI SOOT-SEA, LMI LOTUS, the European MarTERA MATE project, the French Embassy project BLACK-IN-RED, and the PLUME oceanographic campaign.
Emmanuel Pannier, UMR PALOC
Emmanuel Pannier, an anthropologist from the IRD Institute. He has been working in Vietnam since 2019, but he has lived and worked in Vietnam before for over 10 years. He is currently on assignment at the Department of Anthropology of University of Social Sciences and Humanities.
His research subject is focused on the role of interpersonal networks and various kind of non-commercial exchanges, especially in rural areas. He works within two research projects.
- A project on the local sticky rice varieties of the Thái people in Lao Cai. In this project, he studies the local knowledge associated with the use of the variety and the seeds exchange networks because these knowledges and the networks contribute to agro-biodiversity.
- The second project, called GEMMES Vietnam, is funded by AFD. He leads a research team to grasp people's perceptions of climate change and the role of social networks in climate change adaptation. The field study of this project is in Lao Cai and the Mekong Delta.
Marc Descloitres, UMR IGE
Marc Descloitres (UMR IGE) is a research engineer at IRD and has been assigned to Ho Chi Minh University of Technology (HCMUT) since November 2020. He is a geophysicist specializing in groundwater (hydrogeophysics). His research work aims to improve the understanding of the functioning of surface aquifers, which are highly solicited by the population in Vietnam, whether for drinking water or for agriculture. He uses electrical and electromagnetic methods to quantify groundwater resources and estimate their vulnerability to threats such as pollution, saltwater intrusion, or overexploitation. An important objective of his assignment in Vietnam is to train a permanent team of Vietnamese teachers in hydrogeophysics. Current projects are developing methodologies to estimate the vulnerabilities of the Cu Chi aquifers north of HCMC, future "safe havens" for populations in 2050.
He is scientific director of the CARE (Asian Center for Water Research) laboratory, and co-director of the LMI LECZ-CARE (LECZ for Low Elevation Coastal Zones) which brings together the five CARE research groups on societal issues: 1) changes and impacts of surface flows from the continent to the ocean, 2) fate and impact of organic and inorganic contaminants in surface waters, 3) coastal zone hazards and risks, 4) vulnerability of groundwater resources, and finally 5) water quality and green technologies.
Marc Tedetti, UMR MIO
Marc Tedetti (UMR MIO) has been on assignment at the University of Science and Technology of Hanoi (USTH) within the Water-Environment-Oceanography (WEO) department since September 2022. Oceanographer-biogeochemist, his research work in Vietnam focuses on the fluxes, reactivity and impact of dissolved Black Carbon in the Red River delta area - Gulf of Tonkin. His work contributes to the structuring programs GDRI SOOT-SEA, LMI LOTUS, to the European MarTERA MATE project, to the French Embassy project BLACK-IN-RED, and to the PLUME oceanographic campaign.
Nicolas Bottinelli, UMR iEES-Paris
Nicolas Bottinelli is soil ecologist at the French national research institute for sustainable development since 2010. He is a member of the UMR iEES (Institute of Ecology and Environmental Sciences). In Vietnam, his research aims to better understand the impact of earthworms on the dynamics of water, erosion, and organic matter in soils. Since 2020, he is the coordinator of the project ANR-PRECIOUS, which aims at providing a key for the identification of functional groups of earthworms in order to estimate their effects on water transfers in soils.
Patrick Taillandier, UMI UMMISCO
Patrick Taillandier is a researcher in computer science in the unit of Mathematics and Applied Computer Science of Toulouse (MIAT) of the National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and the Environment (INRAE). Since October 2020, he has been hosted in Vietnam by the IRD and the University of Thuy Loi. His research work concerns computer simulation. He has been particularly interested in recent years in the modeling of human behavior: how to take into account the cognitive, social and emotional dimensions in decision making? How to represent the influence of others in opinion changes?
Sylvain Ouillon, UMR LEGOS
Sylvain Ouillon (UMR LEGOS) is working on sediment transport. His analysis is based on the integration of in situ data, remote sensing and numerical models on different temporal and spatial scales: large scales in basins or river plumes to quantify the sediment balance and understand its variability, local scales to study hydrosedimentary processes, particularly in muddy plugs in estuaries. He has participated in numerous coastal campaigns. Most of his projects have focused on river plumes in the Mediterranean, in the Gambia River estuary, in the coral lagoons of New Caledonia, in the Vietnamese coastal waters and the Red and Mekong River deltas, and in the river basins of Algeria. In addition to research, since 2011 he has headed the Water-Environment-Oceanography Department of the University of Science and Technology of Hanoi (USTH) and its Master's programme. Based in Hanoi from 2011 to 2015 and again since 2019.
Xavier Mari, UMR MIO
Xavier Mari (UMR MIO) has been on assignment at USTH and IMER since August 2018. As a biogeochemical oceanographer, his research aims to improve our understanding of the role of the ocean in the carbon cycle. His scientific theme concerns surface processes controlling the formation and fate of organic aggregates. These processes, which are responsible for exporting carbon to the ocean floor, ensure the continuous pumping of atmospheric CO2. He focuses on describing the impact of anthropogenic forcings, and in particular fine particles air pollution, on the ocean's ability to regulate CO2 concentration.
He is responsible for the international research network (GDRI-Sud): Impact of Black Carbon in South East Asia (SOOT&SEA). The projects developed under SOOT&SEA are based on a multi-disciplinary and international consortium of 30 research units from in 13 countries, including 5 in South-East Asia and 8 in Europe.
Staff on long missions or regularly present
Anne-Laure Bañuls, UMR MIVEGEC
Researcher of IRD UMR 224 MIVEGEC (Infectious Diseases and Vectors: Ecology, Genetics, Evolution and Control), she leads the team GeneSys (Biodiversity of infectious systems: from genes to ecosystems). She is currently assigned to the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology in Hanoi.
Specialist in population biology of pathogens and in molecular epidemiology, she seeks to deduct the modes of transmission, virulence factors and / or resistance from molecular data. Her research focuses on a number of infectious diseases such as leishmaniases and tuberculosis, which are at the center of her projects in Southeast Asia. The projects she develops have a regional extension and her main partners are the NIHE, the University of Science and Technology of Hanoi (USTH), the Pasteur Institute of Cambodia, the CICML (Centre d’Infectiologie Christophe Mérieux du Laos) and Fondation Mérieux.
She is co-director of the International Joint Laboratory DRISA (Drug Resistance in Southeast Asia) studying the mechanisms of bacterial drug resistance emergence and their transmission at different spatial and temporal scales.
Christian Valentin, UMR iEES-Paris
Christian Valentin has 38 years experience in coordinating interdisciplinary research in soil erosion, agronomy, hydrology and ecology, mainly in West Africa and Southeast Asia. He is currently leading the group on soils of the French Alliance for the Environment, he is also Executive Director of the pilot program SELTAR, deputy director of the research unit iEES-Paris and of the research federation FIRE, vice president of committee of soil and water of the French National Research Agency, Vice President for Research of Consortium of support to the USTH. He leads a program on conservation and soil erosion of the International Union of Soil Sciences, and he co-wrote an IPCC chapter on desertification in 1995. He chaired an expert group on of UNCTAD on desertification indicators. He also chaired the subcommittee on conservation and soil erosion of the International Society of Soil Science.
Christine Baduel, UMR IGE
Christine Baduel, IRD researcher (UMR IGE), is an environmental and analytical chemist. Her research topics focus on the study of the behavior, fate and bioavailability of organic contaminants of emerging concern (pharmaceuticals, endocrine disruptors, PFASs, flame retardants, etc.) in aquatic systems. Her current research project focuses on the study of the spatio-temporal dynamics of emerging contaminants in the river-estuary-marine continua in Vietnam (Saigon-DongNai River impacted by Ho Chi Minh City) and on the assessment of contaminant fluxes emitted to the coastal zone. Due to the diversity of pollutants and the escalating introduction of new chemicals to the market, she develops and applies innovative analytical strategies (suspected, non-targeted analysis) to characterize the chemical contamination and to prioritize emerging contaminants to be studied and included in risk management frameworks and monitoring plan.
Emma Rochelle-Newall, UMR iEES-Paris
Her previous work focused on the interactions within the microbial loop and their impacts on the aquatic carbon cycle. Within the UMR iEES, she is examining the ecological dynamics coupled between lands subject to anthropogenic pressures and associated microbial processes in aquatic ecosystems. This research helps to understand how molecular properties affect ecosystem processes in these trans-biomes systems. The highlands of Southeast Asia are areas with steep slopes vulnerable to accelerated degradation when disturbed or affected by intensive agricultural or forestry use, and are therefore particularly suitable for this type of study.
Emilie Strady, UMR MIO
Emilie Strady is an IRD researcher at the UMR MIO in Marseille, assigned at CARE (Asian Center for Water Research) in Ho Chi Minh City since 2015. Specialized in aquatic geochemistry, her research focuses on the transfer of trace metals, macroplastics and microplastics in the river-estuary-coastal zone continuum and in the first trophic levels of the food web. She is the correspondent of the JEAI PLASTIC and the coordinator of the project FSPI COMPOSE.
Frédéric Thomas, UMR PALOC
Frédéric Thomas (CR1, IRD, UMR PALOC - Paris, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle), is on assignment at AGI (Agricultural Genetics Institute) and at USTH since 01/09/2015. Historian of science and technology – specialist of history of genetics and plant breeding – he develops in the International Joint Laboratory RICE a research project on the interactions between biotechnology and agricultural markets which is particularly focusedonto two important market drivers of plant innovation: intellectual property rights and quality standards. This project also aims a better understanding of the regulations and practices to have access to genetic resources by different user communities (researchers, industrials, farmers) in a context of a strong appropriation of plant innovation by intellectual property rights.
Jean- Luc Maeght, UMR AMAP
Over the last 30 years, Jean-Luc Maeght worked at national and international levels, in several countries (France, Mauritania, Senegal, Thailand, Lao PDR and Vietnam), in multi-disciplinary teams, in agronomy, soil conservation, biophysic, ecology and natural resources. He worked also on scientific instrumentation and experimental techniques on root images acquisitions. His key qualifications are: soil science and biophysic (physicochemical characteristics of the soil, hydrological assessment, study of degraded and submerged soil), plant ecology (rice crop, rubber tree, teak tree, roots development in Forestry and Agroforestry), and engineering (root images process, data acquisition and automatic transfer – use of data logger and sensors). His current activities within team research interests include (i) investigating the links between land use, root growth dynamics and soil erosion in the mountain environments of Northern Lao PDR and Northern Vietnam, (ii) understanding root-soil interactions and crop-intercrop competition processes in rubber tree plantations of NE Thailand and agroforestry system in France, (iii) investigating the long term impact of agricultural practices and drought on under teak plantation, in Northern Lao PDR and on land use change from cultivated to natural re-growth vegetation in Northern Vietnam with SFRI (Soil and Fertilizers Research Institute).
Marine Herrmann, UMR LEGOS
The research activities of Marine Herrmann ( UMR LEGOS) aim to improve our knowledge of regional marine systems. Her work uses modeling, satellite observations and in-situ measurements in order to understand the ocean circulation, its response to the different variability factors (anthropogenic, continental, atmospheric, oceanic...) and its influence on marine ecosystems.
On assignment at USTH since October 2015, she develops, within the framework of HILO laboratory, a research project on the upwelling of Nha Trang. This upwelling is one of the key processes of ocean circulation in the East Sea, which develops in summer under the influence of the summer monsoon. This upwelling strongly influences the biological activity and therefore the fishery resources of the region. The questions relate to factors behind its strong interannual variability, to its long-term response to climate forcing and to the pelagic ecosystem response to this variability.
Patrick Marchesiello, UMR LEGOS
Patrick Marchesiello (UMR 065 LEGOS) is a senior researcher at IRD, on assignment at the Asian Research Center for Water Research (CARE) of the Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology (HCMUT). He has expertise in high resolution of oceanic and atmospheric circulation modeling in tropical and subtropical coastal areas. He spent many years in the Pacific: Australia, California, New Caledonia and now Vietnam. He currently contributes to the development of three-dimensional modeling approaches to coastal circulation through applications at the crucial problem of coastal erosion in Vietnam, both in the central region (ANR COASTVAR; Hoi-An project in preparation) and in the Mekong delta area (project in preparation also). In addition, he actively participates in the structuring of the French community on the development of high performance models for fine regional and coastal scales (ANR COMODO soon and GdR CROCO). In these projects, he represents the IRD and assumes its specific objectives for the South.
Sébastien Cunnac, UMR PHIM
Sébastien Cunnac, Ph.D. is a research scientist at the Research Institute for Development (IRD) at UMR PHIM (ex-IPME). He studies molecular and genetic factors governing plant–pathogenic microbe interactions. His work currently focuses on Bacterial Leaf Blight of rice (BLB) that occurs in most growing areas worldwide and ranks in the three most serious diseases of this crop. In Vietnam, he collaborates on a MARD funded project coordinated by the Agricultural Genetics Institute in Hanoi. This project aims at gainning a better understanding of the virulence factors of the pathogen and at introducing broad and durable resistance to BLB in a rice variety that is popular in North Vietnam.
Stefan Jouannic, UMR DIADE
Stefan Jouannic (CR1 IRD, UMR DIADE Montpellier), was on assignment in the International Joint Laboratory RICE at AGI (Agricultural Genetics Institute) between 2013 and 2016. He developed a research project on rice inflorescence system (panicles). This project focused on the study of the diversity and plasticity of the architecture of panicles, mainly through the characterization of a collection of traditional varieties of Vietnam. This project aims to identify, through an association genetics approach, genes or alleles linked to the performance potential of these varieties in optimal condition or under abiotic stress. This work will contribute to the enhancement of these varieties in the framework of rice improvement programs in Vietnam.