IRD researchers intervene in Vietnam either in the form of assignments (from 2 to 4 years) hosted by partners, often within joint laboratories, or in the form of long or short term missions within the framework of existing projects.
Staff on assignment
Alexis Drogoul (UMI UMMISCO, on assignment at USTH and current representative of IRD in Vietnam and Philippines) works on the design of Artificial Intelligence tools to assist in the modeling and simulation of complex systems, with a marked willingness to facilitation of interdisciplinary work and extraction of transversal concepts. Since 1991, he participates to the definition of some of the fundamental concepts of "agent-based modeling", while working on many thematic applications (in ethology, hydrology, geography, traffic…). In 1998, at the crossroads of computer science, experimental economics and participatory design, he works more specifically on participatory modeling and simulation approaches allowing to involve social actors in the design of models and particularly suitable to the management of conflicts for shared resources; they have been successfully applied in the field (in Bhutan, Vietnam, Thailand, Mexico). From 2005, he became the designer and one of the main architects of the modeling and simulation platform GAMA which aims to make available to non-computer specialists designing tools of spatially explicit models, multi-formalisms and multi-scales, and enable "smart" exploration (using simulation and optimization) of the area of their parameters. In the same time, thematic projects he is involved in for 10 years now, first in Hanoi and later in Can Tho and in Da Nang, are moving towards decision support in the policies of fight against environmental disasters (sea level rise and water salinization in the Mekong Delta, biological invasions, epidemiology of avian influenza, urban disasters).
Benoit Duong is an International Volunteer in Administration (VIA) at IRD in the UMR LSTM. In 2017, he obtained a Master's degree from the University of Montpellier in Plant Functional Biology (BFP) and has been working since October 2017 at LMI RICE 2 in Hanoi. Its mission is to:
· fit into the research projects of the laboratory and develop the priority objectives of the UMR LSTM by studying plant-microorganism interactions for adaptation to pathogens or environments;
· contribute to the collective functioning of the laboratory (management of the website and equipment);
· get involved in the supervision of trainees. Benoit's work will focus on the study of microorganisms associated with coffee (endomycorrhizae, bacteria) with field sampling, molecular characterizations in the laboratory and greenhouse and field trials.
Associate Professor at Toulouse Capitole University ( http://ut-capitole.fr/), hosted as a Research Fellow in the UMMISCO International Joint Unit (Mathematical Modeling and Computer Systems Modeling Unit). His research focuses on agent-based modeling and simulation of (socio-environmental) complex systems. He is one of the leading developers of the GAMA modeling and simulation platform ( https://gama-platform.github.io/).
His projects have a national dimension involving partners from the University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, the University of Thuy Loi and the University of Can Tho.
Emilie Strady is an IRD researcher at the UMR MIO in Marseille, assigned at CARE (Asian Center for Water Research) in Ho Chi Minh City since 2015. Specialized in aquatic geochemistry, her research focuses on the transfer of trace metals, macroplastics and microplastics in the river-estuary-coastal zone continuum and in the first trophic levels of the food web. She is the correspondent of the JEAI PLASTIC and the coordinator of the project FSPI COMPOSE.
Emmanuel Pannier, an anthropologist from the IRD Institute. He has been working in Vietnam since 2019, but he has lived and worked in Vietnam before for over 10 years. He is currently on assignment at the Department of Anthropology of University of Social Sciences and Humanities.
His research subject is focused on the role of interpersonal networks and various kind of non-commercial exchanges, especially in rural areas. He works within two research projects.
- A project on the local sticky rice varieties of the Thái people in Lao Cai. In this project, he studies the local knowledge associated with the use of the variety and the seeds exchange networks because these knowledges and the networks contribute to agro-biodiversity.
- The second project, called GEMMES Vietnam, is funded by AFD. He leads a research team to grasp people's perceptions of climate change and the role of social networks in climate change adaptation. The field study of this project is in Lao Cai and the Mekong Delta.
Guillaume Masselis is an International Volunteer in Administration (VIA) at IRD in the UMR iEES-Paris.
- Harvesting meteorological and hydrological data from the last 20 years of MSEC monitoring program in Vietnam
- Establishing a Database on soil
- To provide technical support to researche activities (GIS, Data analysis, Field work)
Assigned to the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology in Hanoi, Marc Choisy studies the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases within the joint research unit MIVEGEC. He works on infectious diseases using the tools and concepts from ecology and evolutionary biology. This is a new and complementary approach to conventional approaches in epidemiology. His angle of attack is largely theoretical and based on statistical modeling, mathematics and computer science. His research questions are fundamental but often have concrete practical applications in public health. The topics receiving particular interest are the seasonality of epidemics, the spatial dynamics of infectious diseases and interactions between diseases. In Asia, his research activities focus mainly on dengue and influenza.
IRD scientist at the RICE team, part of the DIADE unit (DIversity - Adaptation - plant DEvelopment ), and associated scientist at the INRIA Zenith team. He leads the Data Integration group at the Institute of Computational Biology ( IBC) . He is currently based at the International Joint Lab RICE in Hanoi. His research focuses on data integration and multi-scale knowledge integration in the context of rice genomics. He is particularly interested in issues related to integration and management of Big Data (NGS, high-trougput phenotyping).
His projects have a regional dimension involving several partners from the University of Science and Technology of Hanoi ( USTH), the University of Dalat, the IRRI (International Rice Research Institute) in the Philippines and the ICAR (Indian Institute of Rice Research).
Sylvain Ouillon (UMR LEGOS) works on sediment transport. His analysis is based on the integration of in situ data, remote sensing and numerical models at different time and space scales: large scales at the river basin or in river plumes to quantify sediment balance and understand its variability, local scales to study hydrosedimentary processes such as aggregation or tidal pumping. He also aims at developing new products in water color (nature and size of suspended particles from satellite data). He participated to numerous coastal sea cruises. Most of his projects were applied in river plumes of the Mediterranean Sea, in the Gambia River estuary, in the coral reef lagoons of New Caledonia, in coastal waters and deltas of Red River and Mekong River in Vietnam, and in river basins of Algeria. Besides from research, he is leading the department water-environment-oceanography of the University of Science and Technology of Hanoi (USTH) and its master program from 2011. Since September 2015, he works at LEGOS, Toulouse.
Sylvie Fanchette is a geographer, research director at IRD at UMR CESSMA, Social science research organisation focusing on African, American, and Asian societies. Her research focuses on the forms and dynamics of subaltern urbanization processes in densely populated Asia; climate change adaptation strategies, including environmental migration, and the vulnerability of populations in the densely populated deltas of Asia (Mekong and Ganges-Brahmapoutre-Meghna); urban-rural relations through the prism of migration and the collection and recycling of urban waste in artisanal clusters. She seeks to demonstrate how the densification of the population and the diversification of the rural activities are at the origin of a process of in-situ urbanization in the countryside, requiring a particular mode of governance because of the vulnerability of the deltas.
Since October 2019, she has been working at the Hanoi University of Architecture as a correspondent for the JEAI Recycurbs-Viet, a teacher in the French-speaking Architecture and Landscape Master, the DPEA Urban project, Patrimony and Sustainable Development, and doctoral program in co-supervision "Architecture, City, Territory and Landscape. She is responsible for the Movindeltas Research Program, Migration and Adaptive Strategies to Climate Change in Asian Deltas.
Xavier Mari (UMR MIO) has been on assignment at USTH and IMER since August 2018. As a biogeochemical oceanographer, his research aims to improve our understanding of the role of the ocean in the carbon cycle. His scientific theme concerns surface processes controlling the formation and fate of organic aggregates. These processes, which are responsible for exporting carbon to the ocean floor, ensure the continuous pumping of atmospheric CO2. He focuses on describing the impact of anthropogenic forcings, and in particular fine particles air pollution, on the ocean's ability to regulate CO2 concentration.
He is responsible for the international research network (GDRI-Sud): Impact of Black Carbon in South East Asia (SOOT&SEA). The projects developed under SOOT&SEA are based on a multi-disciplinary and international consortium of 30 research units from in 13 countries, including 5 in South-East Asia and 8 in Europe.
Staff on long missions or regularly present
Researcher of IRD UMR 224 MIVEGEC (Infectious Diseases and Vectors: Ecology, Genetics, Evolution and Control), she leads the team GeneSys (Biodiversity of infectious systems: from genes to ecosystems). She is currently assigned to the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology in Hanoi.
Specialist in population biology of pathogens and in molecular epidemiology, she seeks to deduct the modes of transmission, virulence factors and / or resistance from molecular data. Her research focuses on a number of infectious diseases such as leishmaniases and tuberculosis, which are at the center of her projects in Southeast Asia. The projects she develops have a regional extension and her main partners are the NIHE, the University of Science and Technology of Hanoi (USTH), the Pasteur Institute of Cambodia, the CICML (Centre d’Infectiologie Christophe Mérieux du Laos) and Fondation Mérieux.
She is co-director of the International Joint Laboratory DRISA (Drug Resistance in Southeast Asia) studying the mechanisms of bacterial drug resistance emergence and their transmission at different spatial and temporal scales.
Christian Valentin has 38 years experience in coordinating interdisciplinary research in soil erosion, agronomy, hydrology and ecology, mainly in West Africa and Southeast Asia. He is currently leading the group on soils of the French Alliance for the Environment, he is also Executive Director of the pilot program SELTAR, deputy director of the research unit iEES-Paris and of the research federation FIRE, vice president of committee of soil and water of the French National Research Agency, Vice President for Research of Consortium of support to the USTH. He leads a program on conservation and soil erosion of the International Union of Soil Sciences, and he co-wrote an IPCC chapter on desertification in 1995. He chaired an expert group on of UNCTAD on desertification indicators. He also chaired the subcommittee on conservation and soil erosion of the International Society of Soil Science.
Christine Baduel, IRD researcher (UMR IGE), is an environmental and analytical chemist. Her research topics focus on the study of the behavior, fate and bioavailability of organic contaminants of emerging concern (pharmaceuticals, endocrine disruptors, PFASs, flame retardants, etc.) in aquatic systems. Her current research project focuses on the study of the spatio-temporal dynamics of emerging contaminants in the river-estuary-marine continua in Vietnam (Saigon-DongNai River impacted by Ho Chi Minh City) and on the assessment of contaminant fluxes emitted to the coastal zone. Due to the diversity of pollutants and the escalating introduction of new chemicals to the market, she develops and applies innovative analytical strategies (suspected, non-targeted analysis) to characterize the chemical contamination and to prioritize emerging contaminants to be studied and included in risk management frameworks and monitoring plan.
Her previous work focused on the interactions within the microbial loop and their impacts on the aquatic carbon cycle. Within the UMR iEES, she is examining the ecological dynamics coupled between lands subject to anthropogenic pressures and associated microbial processes in aquatic ecosystems. This research helps to understand how molecular properties affect ecosystem processes in these trans-biomes systems. The highlands of Southeast Asia are areas with steep slopes vulnerable to accelerated degradation when disturbed or affected by intensive agricultural or forestry use, and are therefore particularly suitable for this type of study.
Frédéric Thomas (CR1, IRD, UMR PALOC - Paris, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle), is on assignment at AGI (Agricultural Genetics Institute) and at USTH since 01/09/2015. Historian of science and technology – specialist of history of genetics and plant breeding – he develops in the International Joint Laboratory RICE a research project on the interactions between biotechnology and agricultural markets which is particularly focusedonto two important market drivers of plant innovation: intellectual property rights and quality standards. This project also aims a better understanding of the regulations and practices to have access to genetic resources by different user communities (researchers, industrials, farmers) in a context of a strong appropriation of plant innovation by intellectual property rights.
Jean- Luc Maeght
Jean- Luc Maeght ( iEES-Paris) is on assignment at the Soils and Fertilizers Research Institute (SFRI). Over the last 20 years, he has worked at national and international levels, in several countries (France, Mauritania, Senegal, Thailand, Lao PDR, Vietnam), in multi-disciplinary teams, in the fields of soil conservation, biophysics and natural resource ( http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jean-luc_Maeght). He has worked also on scientific instrumentation and experimental techniques. He is specialized in Soil science and Telemetry (physicochemical characteristics of the soil, hydrological assessment and transfer, study of degraded and submerged soil), Agronomy (rice crops in Africa and in Asia), and in Plant ecology (rubber tree, teak tree, roots development).
His current research interests include (i) investigating the links between land use, root growth dynamics and soil erosion in the mountain environments of Northern Lao P.D.R., (ii) understanding root-soil interactions and crop-intercrop competition processes in rubber tree plantations of NE Thailand, (iii) investigating the long term impact of agricultural practices on the environment and teak plantation, in Northern Lao P.D.R. and in Vietnam.
The research activities of Marine Herrmann ( UMR LEGOS) aim to improve our knowledge of regional marine systems. Her work uses modeling, satellite observations and in-situ measurements in order to understand the ocean circulation, its response to the different variability factors (anthropogenic, continental, atmospheric, oceanic...) and its influence on marine ecosystems.
On assignment at USTH since October 2015, she develops, within the framework of HILO laboratory, a research project on the upwelling of Nha Trang. This upwelling is one of the key processes of ocean circulation in the East Sea, which develops in summer under the influence of the summer monsoon. This upwelling strongly influences the biological activity and therefore the fishery resources of the region. The questions relate to factors behind its strong interannual variability, to its long-term response to climate forcing and to the pelagic ecosystem response to this variability.
Nicolas Bottinelli is soil ecologist at the French national research institute for sustainable development since 2010. He is a member of the UMR iEES (Institute of Ecology and Environmental Sciences). In Vietnam, his research aims to better understand the impact of earthworms on the dynamics of water, erosion, and organic matter in soils. Since 2020, he is the coordinator of the project ANR-PRECIOUS, which aims at providing a key for the identification of functional groups of earthworms in order to estimate their effects on water transfers in soils.
Patrick Marchesiello (UMR 065 LEGOS) is a senior researcher at IRD, on assignment at the Asian Research Center for Water Research (CARE) of the Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology (HCMUT). He has expertise in high resolution of oceanic and atmospheric circulation modeling in tropical and subtropical coastal areas. He spent many years in the Pacific: Australia, California, New Caledonia and now Vietnam. He currently contributes to the development of three-dimensional modeling approaches to coastal circulation through applications at the crucial problem of coastal erosion in Vietnam, both in the central region (ANR COASTVAR; Hoi-An project in preparation) and in the Mekong delta area (project in preparation also). In addition, he actively participates in the structuring of the French community on the development of high performance models for fine regional and coastal scales (ANR COMODO soon and GdR CROCO). In these projects, he represents the IRD and assumes its specific objectives for the South.
Stefan Jouannic (CR1 IRD, UMR DIADE Montpellier), was on assignment in the International Joint Laboratory RICE at AGI (Agricultural Genetics Institute) between 2013 and 2016. He developed a research project on rice inflorescence system (panicles). This project focused on the study of the diversity and plasticity of the architecture of panicles, mainly through the characterization of a collection of traditional varieties of Vietnam. This project aims to identify, through an association genetics approach, genes or alleles linked to the performance potential of these varieties in optimal condition or under abiotic stress. This work will contribute to the enhancement of these varieties in the framework of rice improvement programs in Vietnam.